For almost a century there is no news from the eastern front.
Arwad enjoys a long period of peace and wealth between 837 and 744 BC, despite a brief visit of Adad-nirari III in 806/805 BC on the mainland. It is the lull before the storm. Arwad uses this period to start making sanctuaries on the mainland for the gods Rešep, Ešmun, Shadrape and Melqart. There is also a peculiar god who has the form of half human and half fish. This god appears also in Kerkouane and Ioppe in pictures. In other places (Hadrumetum, Tyrus, Askalon and
) are some references to this
fish-tail god. The work on the sanctuaries is starting up at Ain al Hayat and
Maabed near Amrit, but they will be fully employed only in the later Persian
period. In the necropolis large tomb-towers are going to be built, which the
people nowadays call “the spindles”. In Amrit we find a memory-stone from the 8th
century BC with the image of Baal standing on a lion and a libation table by
the Egyptian Penamon (ḥ’wty). In Arwad comes an alabaster relief with a winged
sphinx in a mosaic of palm-leaves and a Cyprian terracotta statue of the 8th
century BC. People are naming themselves to the gods as Bodmilqart, Abdanat,
Kabaštart, Adonibaal, Eldamad and Baalyaton, but there are also names without a
reference to a god such as Pilles, Gadnabu, Akim, Abdo and Abday. At the
beginning of the 8th century the trade with the Greeks on a mutual
base starts to develop. In Ioppe and Tell Sukas there is for instance an import
of Rhodian vases. In this period Cape Soloeis Carthage is
founded by .
Arwad has probably nothing to do with it, but it is remarkable that in Tyre
a place is traced with the name Arados on the so-called Peutinger-map. In the
meantime trade is going on all directions. The caravan trade was to Arwad as
much important as the maritime trade. We know that the kings of Karatepe and
Sam’al made use of the Phoenician alphabet in those days. It is further quit
easy to reach the Eufraat-river at Karkemish and from Thapsakos you can go by
boat all the way to Tunisia .
This trade with Babylon Mesopotamia is very important.
On this peaceful existence comes a cruel end by Tiglat-pileser III of Assyria. The kings of this robber-state were not satisfied with only the tributes and good trade-relations with the towns on the seacoast of the
Levant. They thought that
there was more to collect by going there permanently by themselves. And there
was more! In order to gain the supremacy over the whole known world the
possession of the Phoenician towns was a necessity and after that the aim was
to conquer .
Arwad and its dominion will be the first to endure the new policy of the
Assyrian devourer. Egypt