Esarhaddon, king of
Assyria, ends his list of places
belonging to the Sidonian kingdom in 676 BC with the name si-du-un-ni. This
location is already well known = Sidon/Saïda. So, this location needs no
Besides the sixteen localities enumerated in the list, Esarhaddon’s inscriptions mention two additional Sidonian towns allotted by the king of Assyria to Baal I, namely Ma-’-ru-ub-bu and s.a-rip-tu. Marubbu means in Phoenician M’rb = West. Maybe the place could have the full name of: “from here it goes to the west”, just like Lilybaion (
Marsala on Sicily)
which means: “from here it goes to ”. Another explanation gives
the Neo-Punic word M‘RB (“bymarob” in Poenulus 930/940), which means custody or
care. This correspondences with the Hebrew “ ‘-r-b “= take custody of someone. Libya
Marubbu cannot be identified either with ‘Adlun, named in the Bordeaux Itinerary, or with Ornithopolis of the Greeks. See: E.Forrrer, (Die Provinzeinteilung des Assyrisches Reiches,
1920, p.65-66. TPOA). Ornithopolis should be located at Tell al-Buraq, while
Adlun, 6 km south of Sarepta and 18 km north of Tyrus, does not provide any
concrete evidence of its being Mar‘ub. Besides, 1.5 km south of its extensive
necropolis, there is the Wale Nabe Se‘ir. Since Se‘ir is a Palestinian toponym,
there are chances that the Nabi‘ in question preserves an old indigenous place
name of the site of ‘Adlun, still named ‘Adnun (<Ad Nonum) by Yaqut
(1179-1229 AD)*, while the Crusaders were already calling it Adelon. There has
been done some excavations in Aadloun, but they have only Palaeolithical and
Neolithical results. Leipzig
* See: G.Le Strange.
Palestine under the Moslems, , 1890, p.109. London
On the other side, Ma‘rub is still mentioned in the treaty concluded in 1285 AD between Malik al-Mans.ur, sultan of
and Margaret, princess of **.
This other explanation locates the site in question and is named also Ma‘rub 14
km northeast of Tyre as the crow flies and 3 km south of the Nahr al-Qasimiye. This
could be Maaroub. Now, this Maaroub lies beneath the Litani (Nahr al-Qasimiye).
Therefore it is not likely that it belonged to the former Tyre !
Only excavations can provide further evidence. kingdom of Sidon
** Maqrizi, histoire des sultans mamelouks de l’Egypte, Paris 1887 Vol II.
Conclusion: there is no solid proof where Marubbu should be located.