This is the
. From Arzew to gulf of Oran or Mers el Kebir it is a distance of
50-60 km (Itin.Ant.36 miles). That can be done with difficulty in a
one-days-sailing. We can be short about Oran
or Warhan (arab). Nothing pre-Roman has been found here. Only the name
survived, if E.Lipinski is right in his explanation (Itineraria, p.411-412).
Ps.Skylax mentions after Chalka (Quiza) the harbour Arylon (Αρύλων). This is
not a Greek name, but Phoenician: ‘Ar-’ilon = Precinct of God. This noun is
attested in a Phoenician inscription from Kition ( Oran ), where it designates the
“precinct” of a temple. See: Fouilles de Kition III. Inscriptions phéniciennes,
C1, A6/7) by M.G.G.Amadasi/V.Karageorghis. Nicosia
We find ‘Ar also in Transjordanian place names: ‘Ar-Moab and ‘Ar-Gilead. See: Numb 21, Deut 2, Is 15, Judg 12. The second element of Arylon is the singular ‘ilon = God. This toponym survived down to Roman times, when it was translated in Greek by Harbour of Gods (θεϖν λίμήν) in Strabo, Geography XVII 3,9; Ptol, Geo. IV 2,2 and in Latin: Portus Divini = Port of God. It is strange that we find here no pre-Roman relics, because the circumstances for a harbour/port of call by the Phoenicians are even better than it was at Portus Magnus.