The twilight town. 3.
Phoenician masonry and building techniques in the 10th century BC appear in all the important buildings. We see vertical lines of blocks alternate with rubble (frame walls).
Seshonq I of
in the 10th century BC comes in his campaign close to Joppe but does
not enter the harbour. Egypt
In the 8th century BC the nearby town Tel Qasile comes again into the picture with the finding of a potsherd with the inscription: “gold of Ophir to Beth-Horon 30 shekels”. Could this be a hint, that Joppe is used as the harbour before the route was taken through the Sinaï desert to Ezeon-Geber by the Phoenicians?
In this period Joppe seems to be dependable from Sidqa, the king of Ashkalon.
Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian period.
In 701 BC Sanherib takes possession of the
campaign against Hizkia of Judaea. An Egyptian army comes to the help of
Hizkia, but is severely beaten at Elteke close to Joppe. harbour
Nebukadnezar in the 6th century BC comes in the vicinity of Joppe, but does not enter the town.
Ezra 3:7: The return of the Jews from Babylonian captivity:
“They gave money to the masons and carpenters, and meat and drink and oil to the Sidonians and the Tyrians to bring cedar trees from
to the sea of Joppa,
according to the permission of Cyrus king of to them.” Persia
harbour of Joppe
is used as entrance to . Jerusalem
The Persian king (Cambyses or Xerxes) gave Dor, Joppe and the plain of Sharon to
KAI 14.18/19 (ph): w ‘ d y t n ’ d n m l k m ’ y t d ’ r w y p y.
« Furthermore, the lord of the kings ceded to us Dor and Joppa.” Note that in the larger inscription it is stated that Dor and Joppe are added to the
“for ever”. Does
that signifies, that those places were in earlier times already Phoenician? territory
A free-stone wall, large building (temple?), metallurgical installations and a water-reservoir emerges. Under Persian rule there was also trade with
(Ritter-Kaplan). Especially Rhodian amphores are found on the harbour-side. Greece
A defence line was built by Alexander Yannai “from the mountain-side above Antiparis to the coast at the Jaffa-sea.” (Flav.Jos.Jew.War I 4,7 par.99).
In 144 BC Simon Maccabaeus (1M 12,33+13,11+14,5.34) managed to conquer Joppe. For the first time it is certain, that Joppe is a part of a Jewish state!
Plinius mentions the town several times. One of his remarks: Joppe is a “toparchie”:
That is an administrative area around a town. He claims that Joppe is a Phoenician town: “ioppe phoenicum antiquior terrarium inundatione ut ferunt”.
Solinus says: “the chains of Andromeda are still there.”