Some open unsettled questions about ARWAD.
a. Why is a place called Arada in the Africa Proconsularis according to the list of bishops from 482 AD? Is it an Aradus in
seems to be identical to Henchir bou Arada. See: A.Beschaouch, Sur trois cites de lÁfrique
chrétienne: Gunela, Aradu et Middica, CRAI 1983. See : N.Ferchiou, Une
zone de petite colonisation romaine à l’époque julio-claudienne : le
centre-ouest de l’Africa vetus (région d’Aradi, Avitina, Dj.Mansour, Siliana),
Africa romana, 3, 1985.
b. Close to Arwad lies Tall Qarnun (4 km from Tartus). This was called Carné in antiquity. It means “horn”. The fame of the seamen of Carné is great Lycrophon speaks in jealousy of the “dogs of Carné”. The navigator Hanno along the West-coast of
Africa speaks also of a “horn”, which he calls it
Cerne/Kerne. Is there a connection? Did the seamen of Carné took part in the
expedition of Hanno? Ps.Skylax speaks also about Cerne, where the Phoenicians
(not the Punic) were trading. Were they earlier there than Hanno? See:
S.Segert, Phoenician Background of Hanno’s Periplus, MUSJ 45 (1969) p.501-518.
c. Plinius calls in NH IV 61 Arados as an island in front of the coast of
Crete. Where exactly is that situated? In front of Ithanos?
d. The most intriguing question is the mention of classical authors of Tylos and Arados in the
Persian Gulf. It is known, that there is a
small island now with the name of .
Coincidence? On the other hand we know, that Dilmun was in antiquity a famous
land around what we now call Bahrein and that there is a classical tradition,
that the Phoenicians came of the south. There are at least four possibilities
for solving the question: Arad
- Arwadians came from Bahrein in the
- In the Hellenistic period some Arwadians did go for trade to Bahrein;
- Both movements took place;
Arad at Bahrein has nothing to do with Arwad/Arados,
because some classical authors learned about the existence of some islands in
this sea and simply gave them the name of the islands in the Mediterranean,
which they already knew: Tyros and Arados.
See: Strabo XVI 766,784, Ptolemeus VI 7,47, Stephanus of
Another time I will explain more about the four possibilities>>>>>>>