Cesar Luis de Montalban is one of the first who
as Phoenician and Carthaginian site includes in his "Mapa de la zona del
Arqueologica protectorado do Espagna and Marruec (1933)." Ponsich and
Tarradell call it as "garum' factory. They mean little further on situated
Alcazaseguer. Taredell has found in 1960 pre-Roman objects. Ceuta
In "La Ceuta prehistoria al fin del mundo clasico" (Ceuta 2005) goes deeper into Punic Ceuta in the chapter: "El mundo y la historia antigua del Punico Africa occidental: desde una revision Ceuta: Enrique Gozalbes Cravioto .
Jeronimo de Mascarentras (1648 AD) still thought that
was a Roman foundation. Alexandro
Correa de Franca thinks Noé (Bible) is the founder. According to him, the
Carthaginians came there along in the middle of the 5th century BC to destroy
the place under Saphon. Florian de Ocampo (16th century AD) sees Saphon as the
Carthaginian governor of Ceuta Andalusia. They are
all crooked minded stories, perhaps motivated by some form of anti-Semitism.
The truth is that there are already Phoenician amphorae have been found dating
from the 6th century BC, and that the port was immediately employed especially
on the return trips from . Iberia
The Beliunex zone at Benzú provided many Punic amphorae on the 5th-4th century BC (Mana Pascual A4). In the construction of a road to Alcazaseguer actually a Punic settlement came to light.
We already have many names for the place briefly discussed, but there is still one to go: Exilissa of the narrative of ps.Skylax, also called Lissa. Hecateus (late 6th century BC), the weather about Melissa. Exilissa has something to do with an old name of Almunecar (Ex).
There are many strange stories about
There is the mountain silhouette, which would see the face of Atlas, just as we
think we can distinguish a face on Mars! Ceuta
Even more strange stories occur on
So it seems the mountain Hacho has something to do with the death of a woman
and Strabo hangs a story about yet another solid silhouette. Mount Hacho would
look for the sailors in the Ceuta Mediterranean as
an elephant between the mountains and therefore called that place ELEPHAS. If we
add this to the seven brothers, then a little mysterious appear. Ceuta
So we are tossed in
between fiction and reality. Benzú northwest is actually more than 10,000 years
inhabited. Here numerous finds have been made and that continues into the Iron
The reality is that the Phoenicians in the 7th century BC were already in possession of the peninsula with a concentration at the Cathedral with the name "Mediados" from the 4th century BC, which was made on top of the remains of an ancient basilica. Much earlier than this are Phoenician walls emerged from the 7th and 6th centuries BC.
Another reality is that Abyla in the 3rd century BC, probably was faced with a visit of Hamilcar Barcas, which makes from this place in 238 BC the crossing to
in order to do business with his Carthaginian army. Even with his son Iberia Hannibal has Ceuta something
to do, because soldiers of the
Metagonites moved to .
With Metagonia is roughly meant the area of Abyla to Rusaddir ( Spain ). Melilla
Until now there have been found in three places Phoenician structures, namely on the Gran Via, Plaza de Africa on the istme and a settlement on the slopes of
. Mount Hacho
Still, the significance of Abyla for the Phoenicians and Punics was lesser than its counterparts as Old and New Carteia, or even Tarifa. They were more interested in
Iberia than in . After ca.200 BC Abyla
comes under the Mauritanian kingdom. There would have been no real room for an
independent existence. The Romans are primarily concerned with Mauritania ,
despite the fact that Polybius after 146 BC may hold an exploration for the
Mauritanian coast. We know some Mauritanian princes who were the boss in town:
Iphtas, Askalis, Bocchus, Sosus, Bogud. Gradually Iberia Mauritania
is a Roman vassal state, especially among Juba
I + II and Ptolemy. In 40-42 AD is the Provincia Mauretania Tingitana
Caesariensis created whose capital is Tingis.
LOS FENICIOS Y EL ATLANTICO R.Gonzalez Anton, F.Lopez Pardo, V Pena Romo. Centro de estudios Fenicios y Punicos, Madrid 2008. De Atlantische reizen.
Barcos,Puertas y Navegacion en la Historia de Ceuta. VIII Jornadas de Historia de Ceuta, Instituto de Estudios Ceuties, Ceuta 2008.
Ceuta V Jornadas.
CEUTA DE LA PREHISTORIA AL FIN DEL MUNDO CLASICO V Jornadas de historia de Ceuta. Instituto de estudios Ceuties patronato de la ciudad autonoma de Ceuta, Ceuta 2005. Vooral het hoofdstuk El mundo punico y la historia antigua del Africa Occidental. Una revision desde Ceuta, Enrique Gozalbes Cravioto.
Mapa arqueologico de la zona del protectorado de Espana en Marruec, C.L de Montalban 1933