woensdag 18 februari 2015

Overzicht Noord-Afrika

General summary.
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For weeks I have been busy mapping the Phoenician and Punic settlements on the coast of North Africa. There could be about 66 harbours on the North-African coast from Thabraca to Valonae, that could have been used by the Phoenicians and Punic people. That is an incredible amount of 66 places on a coast that is c.1500 km long (as the crow flow). That means that on every c.25 kilometers there could have been a harbour at their disposal. If we look at the harbours that were with certainty there, this figure would be on every c.40 kilometers. From 42 harbours we are certain. From 24 possible harbours we are not.  Those harbours lie on the coast between Emsa and Mellila and on the Dahra coast. We know 34 Greek or Latin names of the harbours and know 23 Phoenician or Punic names. We also know some personal names: Wartagars, Masop, Ariš, gns, gsm, zbygys/š, ygyšwm, mgwṢ, Derku Adonibaal, Himilk and Matanbaal. Some of them are libyco-berber.

Name
Greek/Latin
Phoenician or (neo)Punic
 Sure or not
 Century BC

Sahara


 Not sure

Qasr al Seghir


 Not sure

Ceuta
 Abyla
 ‘bn
 Sure
 7e
Tétuan
 Tamuda
 Tmd‘t
 Sure
 7e
Kitzan


 Sure
?
Sidi Ebdselam


 Sure
?
Caf Taht el Ghar


 Sure
?
Oued Malah


 Sure
?
Hayyouna


 Sure
?
Atalya


 Sure
?
Menkal


 Sure
?
Emsa


 Sure
?
Oued Laou
 Laud Flumen

 Sure
?
Dar Akeba


 Not sure

Talambone


 Not sure

Tassor


 Not sure

Ras Targa


 Not sure

Bou Hamed
 Taenia Longa

 Not sure

El Jeheba
 Cobucla

 Sure
?
Penon de Velez


 Not sure

Al-Hoceima
Ad sex insulas

 Not sure

Oued Amekrane


 Sure
 7e-5e
Cazaza


 Not sure

Melilla
 Rusaddir
 Rš’dr
 Sure
 8e
Port Say


 Not sure

Ghazaout
 Ad Fratres

 Not sure

Honein
 Cypsaria portus

 Not sure

Rachgoun
 Akra
 y-r‘š-sgn
 Sure
 7e
Camerata

 Km’
 Sure
 3e
Mersa bou Zedjar
 Gilva
 šlbn
 Sure
 3e
Mersa Madakh


 Sure
?
Les Andalouses
 Castra Puerom

 Sure
 6e-4e
Mers el Kebir
 Portus Divini
 ‘Ar-’ilon
 Sure
 4e/3e
Arzew
 Portus Magnus

 Sure
 2e
St.Leu/Betthiou


 Sure
 2e
Quiza
 Chalka

 Not sure

Cap Ivi


 Not sure

Bosquet Plage


 Not sure

Petit Port


 Not sure

Aïn Brahim


 Not sure

Port Romain


 Not sure

Oued Tarzout


 Not sure

Ras Tadders
 Arsenaria

 Not sure

La Guelta


 Not sure

El Marsa


 Not sure

Pointe Rouge


 Not sure

Damous
 Cartili
 ? qrt-’l’ ?
 Sure
 2e/1e
Ténès
 Cartennae
 ? qrt-tns ?
 Sure
 4e or 1e
Gouraya
 Gunugu
 gngn
 Sure
 7e/6e
Sherchel
 Iol
 ’y-ḥl
 Sure
 6e
Tipiza
 Tipasa
 ṭp‘tn
 Sure
 6e
Algiers
 Icosium
 ’yksm
 Sure
 6e?
Tementfoust
 Rusguniae
 R’sgny
 Sure
 4e?
Zemmouri el Bahri
 Rusubbicari
 R’šbqr
 Sure
 3e?
Cape Djenet
 Cissi
 kšy
 Sure
 3e
Dellys
 Rusuccuru
 R’šhqr
 Sure
 3e
Tigzirt
 Iomnium
 ’y-[’mn]
 Sure
 4e
Taksebt
 Rusippisir
 R’š[špr]
 Sure
 6e
Azeffoun
 Rusazus
 R’š-[h]’zz
 Sure
 7e
Bejaia
 Saldae

 Sure
 3e
Jijel
 Igilgili
 ’y-glgl[t]
 Sure
 6e
Collo
 Chullu

 Sure
 3e
Skikda
 Rusicade
 R(’)š-(h)kd
 Sure
 6e
Stora


 Sure
 6e
Annaba
 Hippo Regius
 ’pwn
 Sure
 7e
Tabarka
 Thabraca
 Tbrk‘n
 Sure
 7e
name
 Greek/Latin
 Phoenician or (neo)Punic
 Sure or not
Century BC

Remarkable is the use of quite ordinary names for towns and landmarks such as: Mighty cape, Childern’s camp, harbour of God, City of God, town of Tennes?, bird?, Sand island, passage, isle of owls, cape of the francolin, cape of the cattle, cape of the partridge, isle of fastness, beautiful cape, cape of the fortress, isle of the skull, cape of fire, horse?, rough place?


Coins
15 places
Phoenician/(neo)Punic inscriptions
11 places
Cemeteries
12 places
Sanctuaries
7 places
Memory stones
13 places
So-called Tanit sign
5 places

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